Canada to USA Immigration Stats

Canada and the USA are number ten and one respectively on the list of the world’s largest economies, making them tempting destinations for migrants. This article focuses on Canadian immigrant stats and immigration to the United States. Here's a detailed comparison of Canadian and USA immigration!

Top 10 Canada Immigrant Stats & Facts

  1. Canada's net migration rate is positive (6.188) in 2022, indicating more people come to Canada than leave it.

  2. In the 2016 Census, 21.9% of Canadian residents indicated they were or currently are immigrants.

  3. The number of Canadian immigrants in the USA is around 797,000.

  4. 65% of Canadian immigrants in the United States are aged 18 to 64, and 30% are 65 or older.

  5. Los Angeles is the top destination for Canadian immigrants in the US, with 29,300 choosing this county from 2015 to 2019.

  6. Canada welcomes more immigrants than the USA proportionate to the population.

  7. Remittance inflows to Canada were CAD 911 million in 2020.

  8. More than 50% of Canadian immigrants in the US are college graduates.

  9. Most immigrants from Canada work in business, management, arts, and science occupations in the USA.

  10. Canadian households had a higher median income in the US in 2019 than native-born households.

General Canada Immigrant Stats

During the 2016 Census, 21.9% of the Canadian population indicated they were or currently are immigrants. But what about Canadians in the United States and other countries? Let's see some general immigration stats for Canada first!

The Number of Canadians in the United States Hasn't Changed Much Since the 1980s

The estimated Canadian immigrant population in the USA was 843,000 in 1980. Although the numbers have gone up and down over the years, they haven't changed much over the decades. In 2019, the estimation was there would be 797,000 Canadian immigrants in the United States.

( Migration Policy )

Los Angeles is the Top Destination for Canadian Immigrants

Interestingly, cities on the West and East coasts seemed equally tempting for Canadians from 2015 to 2019. However, the majority picked Los Angeles County (29,300) in California, with the close second being Maricopa Country in Arizona (26,800). King Country in Washington and Broward in Florida are other popular destinations for Canadian immigrants.

( Migration Policy Institute )

Canada Immigration Trends

The number of emigrants from Canada has been decreasing since 2016. Most emigrants come from Ontario and British Columbia. But what about immigration trends? Here are some important Canadian immigration facts and forecasts!

The Net Migration Rate Has Been on a Steady Decline Since 2008, but It's Still Above 6

The net migration rate in Canada had the highest value of this century in 2008. It was 8.00 per population of 1,000, but it has been on a steady decline since then.

In 2022, the estimation is it will go down to 6.18. That still indicates more people come to Canada than leave the country. The United Nations doesn't believe that will change in the coming decades, although the NMR figures could continue to decline.

( Macrotrends )

Canada Receives More Immigrants Than the US Proportionate to the Population

In 2015, the official record of immigrants coming to the United States was 1,051,031. During the same year, 271,854 migrants arrived in Canada. That means almost four times more people migrated to America.

But if we calculate proportionately to the population, we get different statistics. In Canada, immigrants accounted for 0.76% of the population in 2015. But in the US, that percentage was 0.33%.

( IMMI Group )

The US to Canada Remittance Stats

Popular countries for sending money to Canada include the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Australia. Let's see some statistics related to remittance inflows in Canada and the comparison to the US.

Less Than Cad 1 Billion Was Sent to Canada in 2020

Remittance inflows to Canada were CAD 911 million in 2020. A bigger problem is that the inflows were down from CAD 1.3 billion in 2019. For comparison, USA remittance inflows were USD 6.1 billion in 2020, while outflows were at an impressive USD 68 billion.

Canada's remittance outflows were CAD 6.5 billion in 2020. The country plans to work on reducing remittance costs to encourage more transfers in the coming years.

( GPFI, Finder )

US Remittances to Canada Were USD 861 Million in 2018

According to the Canadian International Development Platform, total remittances from the USA to Canada were USD 860 million in 2018. The number hadn't changed much from 2013 when it was USD768 million. However, it undoubtedly shows that the majority of remittances to Canada come from the United States.


Types of Work Canadians Do in the US

More than 50% of Canadian immigrants aged 25 and up indicated they are college graduates. It shows a higher education rate than foreign and US-born populations. Here's more info on the types of work Canadians do in the United States.

Only 8% of Canadian Immigrants Worked in Service Occupations in 2019

Of the total workers of Canadian origin in the US civilian labor force, only 8% are in service occupations. On the other hand, 65% of Canadian immigrants work in business, management, arts, and science occupations. It's a higher average percentage than for workers born in the US (41%) and all immigrants (35%).

( Migration Policy )

Canadian Households in the US Had a Higher Median Income Than Native-born Households in 2019

The estimation is the median income of households headed by Canadian immigrants is USD 89,000 annually. US-born households have an average yearly income of USD 65,000. However, it's worth noting that Canadians have a higher concentration of tertiary education workers, which is the reason why their median average is higher.

( Migration Policy )


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Mehdi Punjwani
Mehdi Punjwani
Mehdi is a writer and editor with over five years of experience in personal finance, writing for brands including MoneySuperMarket, Equifax and The AA. He graduated from Brunel University with a BA and MA, and likes to spend his free time hiking, travelling, and reading.