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How to Wire Transfer Money in 2020

When you need to transfer money quickly and safely to someone overseas, a wire transfer is a common and reliable method used all around the world. The term “wire transfer” originates from the days when money transferred over telegraph wires, but is now used as a generic term for electronic transfers.

Updated: 02/11/2020
Read time: 16 minutes
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The goal of wire transfers is the quick transfer of funds, eliminating the delays caused by mailing and clearing of checks. While people often use the terms “wire transfer” and “bank transfer” interchangeably, this is not 100% accurate: wire transfers are used by both banks and non-banking financial institutions. This means that all bank transfers are wire transfers, but not all wire transfers are bank transfers.

This handy guide will take you through all you need to know about wire transfers and whether you should use them when sending your hard-earned money abroad.

What is a wire transfer?

A wire transfer is the electronic transfer of funds from one person to another via a bank account or a money transfer account held with a specialised provider (e.g. a credit union). There is no physical transfer of money between banks or financial institutions when conducting a wire transfer. In fact, only information is exchanged between the institutions about the recipient, their account details and the transfer amount, with the transfer itself happening electronically.

The difference between wire transfers and bank transfers

The two terms wire transfer and bank transfer are often used to describe the same thing, but this is not always the case. A bank transfer is a term used to describe the process of transferring money from one bank account to another. This transfer could happen between two different types of bank accounts of the same person (for instance from a savings account to a checking account), but more commonly the term refers to the process of transferring funds from one location to another (even overseas) via banks. 

On the other hand, a wire transfer is a more generic term. It means sending money electronically from one location to another. So, we can say that a bank transfer is a type of wire transfer, but there are other types of wire transfers as well. For example, to send money from the US to France you may use bank transfer or you may wire it through MoneyGram, Western Union, or another money transfer provider.

Pros and cons of wire transfers

Wire transfers offer a convenient and secure way to transfer money across borders, which is why they are one of the most popular ways of sending money. Whether you want to send funds to your family living overseas or to your suppliers in another country, wire transfers make the process simple and efficient. Here are some of the pros and cons of using wire transfers when transferring your money. 

Pros
Speed: With wire transfers, you can send money overseas quickly – in most instances, wire transfers take 1-2 days. However, depending on the currency and amount you are transferring and the service you are using, the transaction can be near-instant. Also in some cases, such as when transferring money along lesser-used transfer corridors, a wire transfer might take up to 4-5 days.
Safety: Both banks and specialised money transfer providers have to adhere to financial regulations of the country in which their operations are based. Wire transfers are a very commonly used method of sending funds, so any business that offers money transfer services will be very experienced keeping your transactions secure.
Convenience: You can send money to any part of the world from the comfort of your home via the internet. All you have to do is log in to your account or online banking app and make a transfer. This might not be true if you’re planning on sending a very large amount of money, in which case your provider might require some additional information.
Global reach: With wire transfers, you can send any amount around the world, in any currency you want (as long as you find the right provider).
Cons
Cost: Wire transfers can be costly. There are several money transfer companies that have been able to bring down the costs substantially, but it is all about choosing the right one. Generally speaking, wire transfers are likely to come with higher exchange-rate markups and fees than some other payment methods.
Non-reversible: In case there is a mistake in entering details or the money is sent mistakenly, it can be very hard to reverse a transaction once it has been made. So always be careful to ensure details are entered correctly.

How do wire transfers work?

The majority of international wire transfers are processed via the SWIFT network. The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) is a secure messaging system used by banks to exchange information quickly and securely, including instructions for wire transfers. This network spans across 200 countries and includes over 10,000 banks and financial institutions. 

If you live in Europe, it is probable that your wire transfer will be processed as a SEPA payment. SEPA (Single Euro Payments Area) operates similarly to the SWIFT network, but its purpose is to provide low cost and fast Euro-denominated transfers to the 36 countries that are part of the group – which includes all 27 EU member states.

When you send a wire transfer, the instructions are sent to the recipient’s bank either directly or through some intermediary banks. There are costs associated with using the network, which can vary depending on the currency and amount being sent, so be sure to check before making your transfer. 

Most money transfer companies also enable wire transfers in the same manner, but they operate a bit differently. They employ specialised technologies that connect local banks across the world, which helps reduce costs and transfer times. We will talk more about choosing the best money transfer providers in the upcoming sections. 

How to send a wire transfer?

Sending a wire transfer is generally a pretty straightforward process. The following are some of the common steps involved in making a wire transfer.

1. Decide which money transfer provider you want to use
2. Gather all the information you need
3. Confirm fees, know the fine print
4. Fill out the wire transfer forms
5. Track your wire transfer

What are the fees associated with wire transfers?

Wire transfers, despite their convenience, are often not the cheapest way to send money. When making an international wire transfer, the two costs you will have to look out for are exchange rate mark-ups and fixed transfer fees. 

Exchange rate mark-ups

Most people simply Google the exchange rate before making an overseas wire transfer and expect to get the same rate for their transaction. However, this is rarely the case. Banks and financial institutions charge a mark-up on the mid-market rates (the rate you see on search engines and from financial news services). Banks are known to charge 4-6% margins, whereas specialised money transfer providers often keep their margin at 0.5-2%. It’s important to compare the exchange rates before you go ahead with the transaction – especially if sending a large amount of money, in which case even small percentage increases in the exchange rate can cost you a lot of money.

Fixed fee

To make a wire transfer, you may have to pay a fixed fee to the bank or provider. The fee can range anywhere from $15-$45 depending on the bank or payment provider you choose. Banks typically charge both a fixed fee and exchange rate margin on wire transfers. 

The fee charged for wire transfers can be quite high depending on the number of intermediary banks involved. However, there are many money transfer providers that charge only a fixed fee and no exchange rate margin – and this fee is sometimes also much lower than you’ll find with a bank. Again, it is all about choosing the right provider. 

How long do wire transfers take?

Wire transfers can take anywhere between 1-5 days depending on various factors including the origin and destination country, the amount to be transferred, and currency/currencies used. Many non-bank transfer providers are able to reduce the transfer times by employing technology to connect local bank accounts across the world, with some even offering near-instant transfers if users are transferring money along a corridor in which the provider specialises.

Summary

A wire transfer is a method of transferring money electronically between people or businesses across the world. It only involves exchange of information between the institutions about the recipient, their account details and the transfer amount. This means that a bank transfer is a type of wire transfer, but there are other non-banking financial companies that can also facilitate wire transfers. Examples of these services are money transfer companies such as Transferwise, WorldRemit, and Azimo

Wire transfers offer a convenient and secure way to transfer funds. You can send money anywhere in the world. However, it’s good to be aware that they can be costly as you may have to pay both a fixed transfer fee and exchange rate mark-ups when sending your money. These fees are often higher than you’ll find with other payment options. 

It is important to shop around and make comparisons to get the best rates and lowest fees on your transaction, as there are a lot of providers now offering wire transfer services at different rates. By quickly comparing your options by filling out our form, you can find out your best option in minutes and ensure your recipient gets the maximum amount possible of the money you are sending.

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